Home Theater Systems Vs Hi-Fi
Last Updated on June 1, 2021 by Gabriel Goddy
Home theaters and HI-FI have a lot of differences. These differences are what we’ll be discussing in this guide. If you’re interested in knowing the differences, then you should read through this guide.
Hi-fi is the high-quality reproduction of sound. The term in full is high fidelity. This implies a high degree of accuracy in the reproduction of sound.
This term distinguishes the sound produced by hi-fi systems from the sound produced by lower quality /less expensive equipment.
The term does not necessarily describe a certain type of musical equipment. Instead, high-quality home audio equipment typically can fall in the definition of high fi.
How does a hi-fi system work?
A hi-fi system is built using individual units and can be tailored. A hi-fi system also includes various units or separates.
Each of the components focuses on a specific task in playing back music. It’s important to understand how you listen to your music.
Hi-fi systems are versatile in that they can play older formats of music such as DVD or records. But in truth, most of today’s systems are very adept at playing digital music formats.
The next most important thing to consider is the amplifier that you are going to use.
The amplifier is the lifeblood of the hi-fi system and powers the system and allows you to control the volume.
The last component is the speakers that you will use. There are many types of speakers for hi-fi systems from bookshelf to floor standing speakers. The type of speakers that you will get will depend very much on the size of your room and other factors.
A home theater on the other hand system is an entertainment system designed to provide an immersive visual and audio experience.
A home theater system consists of four basic parts: audio, video, processing components, and accessories. These parts and prices can vary, but all home theater systems are comprised of these parts. Let’s break it down.
The common stereo system consists of a pair of speakers placed at the front left and right of the room, and either a stereo amplifier or audio/video receiver. While stereo amplifiers are not as popular as they once were (back when the tuner was invented), a strong stereo receiver or 2-channel amp can beef up your front sound stage quite a bit!
A more complex home theater setup must use a multi-channel audio/video receiver (AVR). These days most AVR’s can handle either 5.1, or 7.1 speaker setup. In general, a 5.1 surround setup is considered the standard for which we enjoy movies in our homes. The first number in the sequence (5 or 7), indicates how many ear-level speakers there are, while the second number (.1 or .2) determines how many subwoofers are being used.
The recent addition of Dolby Atmos takes your home theater experience to the next level. This is accomplished by using an even more robust AVR, which enables you to hook up additional speakers to create a definitive sound stage that home theater has to offer.
An even more complex home theater setup will utilize a pre-amplifier for audio processing. From there the pre-amp sends the audio signal to a power amplifier, which in turn sends the audio signal to the speakers. In the case of Dolby Atmos, DTS-X, and Auro-3D, the pre-amp would decode the signal from the source content and dictates which speaker is to receive the sound.
So, we’ve covered where how the audio portion is going to work, so what are we watching? The design and features of your home theater room could make or break your video experience. Flat-screen TVs are the most common in homes these days, however, a video projector can bring the cinematic feel that a TV just can’t do.
When using a projector, you must be able to eliminate all outside light from the room. Natural daylight will wash out a projected image and dramatically decrease the video quality. A TV can be more forgiving when it comes to lighting and windows, but nobody likes a glare in their TV picture.
If your space has large picture windows or French doors, you’ll want to find some nice curtains to reduce natural daylight from entering your home theater room.
Can a Good Home Theater System Still Play H-Fi Quality Audio?
You may notice that a home theater system essentially contains all of the components of a hi-fi system and more. So is it possible to obtain a high fidelity audio experience through a home theater setup?
For many casual movie-goers and music fans, there may not be much of a difference between playing music out of your home theater system or having a completely separate hi-fi system. But for the consumer with more acute audio quality tastes, there are some subtle sacrifices to having your home theater stand in as an all-in-one entertainment system.
How Much Do Hi-Fi and Home Theater Systems Cost?
The cost of a hi-fi or home theater setup is going to depend on many factors including the quality and number of devices you want. For example, home theater systems require several speakers, as opposed to a hi-fi system which generally requires a good pair of stereo speakers.
Home theaters also require a display unit and depending on the size and quality of your TV or projector, you could be spending anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars.
Home theater systems also require an A/V (audio/video) receiver while a hi-fi system needs an amplifier at the least. A high-end A/V receiver could set you back about a thousand dollars, but on average you can get a pretty decent receiver for around $500-$700. High-end amplifiers, on the other hand, are about the same cost as an average receiver. Check out our in-depth analysis of the difference between receivers and amplifiers (this could be really useful if you are confused about their differences).
One of the biggest cost drivers behind hi-fi setups is going to be input devices. Music can be played through several sources, like CD players, cassette players, record players, and MP3 players. Some audiophiles will try to find the best versions of all of these, and that could potentially set them back many thousands of dollars.
Difference between a home theater and a hi-fi system
It is going to come down to whether you prefer music or movies and what type of system is best suited to your needs.
A home theater system makes use of subwoofers and speakers to make your home feel like a movie theater, packed with surround sound.
A hi-fi system is more concerned with reproducing sound as accurately as possible. Hi-fi systems recreate audio the way that you would hear them in a studio capturing all the different instruments and vocals accurately.
A home theater needs a receiver to adjust and tweak the effect of the surround sound. On the other hand, a hi-fi system will be powered by a powerful amplifier.
Hi-fi systems are simple to set up. A simple s speaker system or a multi-channel stereo system will suffice. Hi-fi systems generally do a good job of covering all the frequency ranges well.
Home theater systems range from the 5.1 channel and above.
Can You Have a Good Hi-Fi and Home Theater System at the Same Time?
For those who like to have their cake and eat it too, it may be desirable to have both a hi-fi and home theater system in one setup. Technically this is possible, but it is difficult.
You will need the following things to have both a good hi-fi and home theater system at the same time:
- A home theater receiver and a stereo amplifier.
- You will need to configure the system so that your front stereo speakers are running through the stereo amplifier and the rest of the speakers through the A/V receiver.
- Make sure that the home theater receiver you buy has pre-outs that allow you to plug your stereo amp into it using special cords called analog interconnects.
- Ensure that your stereo amp has an AV input for bypassing its volume control. The ultimate goal is to have it so that all of the volumes are controlled by the home theater receiver, and to still be able to connect your music input devices and front stereo hi-fi speakers into the amp.
In general, having both a hi-fi and home theater system in one is predictably far more expensive than having one or the other! It can also be extremely complicated to set up correctly.
home theater sound plays a supportive role; video quality and onscreen action grab the lion’s share of your attention. By contrast, a music-oriented system’s sound quality succeeds or fails on its own, so music systems need to be more tonally accurate and sonically believable than home theater systems to achieve the same level of perceived sound quality.
The center speaker’s sound makes or breaks a home theater, so if you’re primarily using the system for movies, go for the best center-channel speaker you can afford. On the other hand, if you listen to 10 hours of music for every hour you watch a movie, but the majority of your speaker budget into the front left and right speakers.